Wireless Optogenetic Stimulator is the best solution in Optogenetic Stimulation for freely moving animals. It has been used on Mice& Rats.
High brightness LED and optic fiber cannula are coupled to achieve mW order light power at the tip. Colors can be changed just by swapping the LED cannula component.
Receiver has two types, pluse and continuous, each for high frequency and continuous stimulation. The remote controllers is compatible for both receivers, by switching the mode switch. Pulse receiver flashes at the same timing with trigger pulses, whereas continous receiver alternates on an off upon a new pulse.
Make animal freely.
Receivers are very small & light weight.
Teleopto remote controller transmits stimulation signal to the receiver by infrared.
Teleopto has been used on Mice & Rats.
Blue / 250 μm
(= 99.5 mW / mm2)
Blue / 500 μm
(= 71.8 mW / mm2)
Green / 250 μm
(= 31.1 mW / mm2)
Green / 500 μm
(= 16.6 mW / mm2)
Yellow / 250 μm
(= 22.2 mW / mm2)
Yellow / 500 μm
mW (= 15.5 mW / mm2)
A Top-Down Cortical Circuit for Accurate Sensory Perception. Manita, S., Suzuki, T., Homma, C., Matsumoto, T., Odagawa, M., Yamada, K., ... & Murayama, M. (2015). Neuron.
The lateral parabrachial nucleus is actively involved in the acquisition of fear memory in mice. Sato, M., Ito, M., Nagase, M., Sugimura, Y. K., Takahashi, Y., Watabe, A. M., & Kato, F. (2015). Molecular brain,8(1), 22.